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  • Zsolt Berend

The 8 Elements of Flow - Robert Csikszentmihalyi

"Even without success, creative persons find joy in a job well done. Learning for its own sake is rewarding."

— MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI FROM CREATIVITY: FLOW AND THE PSYCHOLOGY OF DISCOVERY & INVENTION, 1996.


Meet Mihaly Robert Csikszentmihalyi, an esteemed psychologist with Hungarian-American roots. He's the brilliant mind behind the concept of "flow" – a state of mind where we're totally absorbed and hyper-focused, leading to peak productivity.

As a Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Management at Claremont Graduate University, Csikszentmihalyi's work is like a beacon guiding us through the intricacies of human behaviour and performance. His work has significantly contributed to our understanding of optimal human experiences and performance. Flow is “a state in which people are so involved in an activity that nothing else seems to matter; the experience is so enjoyable that people will continue to do it even at great cost, for the sheer sake of doing it” Csikszentmihalyi (1990)


The 8 Elements of Flow:


  1. Clarity of goals and immediate feedback.

  2. A high level of concentration on a limited field. 

  3. Balance between skills and challenge. 

  4. The feeling of control. 

  5. Effortlessness. 

  6. An altered perception of time. 

  7. The melting together of action and consciousness. 

  8. The autotelic quality of flow-experiences: IROI.








Learning resources:


If you found this article useful, you might be interested in additional Sooner Safer Happier learning resources to enable you to lead with these behaviours:



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